Pollinator Management Resources


You can access these resources directly through the menu on the right, or scroll down to see descriptions of each. We will be adding to this page regularly.


2018 Pollinator Synthesis Paper

New Research and BMPs in Natural Areas: A Synthesis of the Pollinator Management Symposium from the 44th Natural Areas Conference, October 2017

Authors: Victoria Wojcik, Lisa Smith, William Carromero, Aime Code, Laurie Davies Adams, Seth Davis, Sandra J. DeBano, Candace Fallon, Rich Hatfield, Scott Hoffman Black, Jennifer Hopwood, Sarah Hoyle, Thomas Kaye, Sarina Jepsen, Stephanie McKnight, Lora Morandin, Emma Pelton, Paul Rhoades, Kelly Rourke, Mary Rowland, and Wade Tinkham

To address the growing interest and expressed need for pollinator management strategies, a special pollinator symposium was held at the 2017 Natural Areas Conference, curated by William Carromero of the US Forest Service and Lisa Smith of the Natural Areas Association. The overarching goal of this symposium was to present new research and the current body of knowledge surrounding pollinator system management to practitioners, giving them the tools to better manage this essential natural resource. The topics presented showed that research is progressing in an effort to fine-tune best management practices across ecosystems.



March 2019 Webinar: The Role of Honey Bees in Natural Areas - A Conversation

Rich Hatfield, Senior Conservation Biologist, Endangered Species Program, Xerces Society
Vicki Wojcik, Research Director, Pollinator Partnership

Talk 1, Rich Hatfield: 

Honey Bees in the Pollination Networks of Natural Areas? An Overview and Best Management Practices 

The question of whether introduced honey bees belong on public lands and natural areas in North America has been debated for decades. As more areas of natural habitat that formerly provided resources for pollinators are converted to agricultural and suburban uses, the pressures for the beekeeping industry to find pesticide-free areas in which honey bees can forage while they are not actively pollinating crop fields are increasing. As a result, there is a critical need to present evidence-based considerations for landowners and managers of public lands and natural areas that are considering whether honey bees would be appropriate in these landscapes, and if so, the timing, duration, and numbers of hives that should be allowed.
While honey bees are essential pollinators in our agricultural environment, their role in public lands and natural areas is less clear. There is evidence that, at least in some cases, honey bees can alter plant and native bee communities because of their foraging habits, relatively high level of pathogen loads, degree of resource (pollen and nectar) removal, and their interactions with native bees.
This talk will discuss the potential for competition with native bees and other pollinators and disease transfer from honey bees to native bee species and will present science based recommendations for any land manager who is considering placing honey bees in natural areas where native pollinators might be impacted.

Learn more about Rich.

Talk 2, Vicki Wojcik:
Flora Resource Competition Between Honey Bees and Wild Bees: Is There Clear Evidence and Can We Guide Management and Conservation?

More and more natural area managers are faced with a conflict between requests to support honey bee productivity, vital to agriculture, while at the same time maintaining the integrity of native ecosystems and protecting wild bee species. Opinions are strong on the subject, but the body of evidence is limited. Critique and assessment of the existing body of published literature focusing on studies that can support best management resulted in 19 experimental papers. Indirect measures of competition examining foraging patterns and behavior yielded equivocal results. Direct measures of reproduction and growth were investigated in only seven studies, with six indicating negative impacts to wild bees. Key studies will be discussed and reviewed for insight into managing natural areas and supporting wild pollinators.

Learn more about Vicki.

Access the Chat Log with all Q&A from the Webinar



Managing Pollinators in Natural Areas and Resource-based Competition Between Managed and Wild Bees (slides only)

Webinar in the 2018 NAA Pollinator Management Series

Speaker: Kelly Rourke, Senior Program Manager - Pollinator Partnership

Talk 1:  Managing Pollinators in Natural Areas: A Synthesis of New Research and BMPs Presented at the 2017 Natural Areas Conference Pollinator Symposium

The 2017 Natural Areas Conference Pollinator Symposium showcased new research filling gaps in our understanding of grazing and alpine forest management, as well as summaries of Best Management Practices for restoring prairies, managing honey bees, supporting monarch butterflies, and managing rangelands. 

Talk 2: Resource-based Competition Between Managed and Wild Bees

 This webinar reviews the body of research on bee competition in detail, examining methods, experimental techniques, and rigor, and presents guidance based on these findings. Only limited research has been conducted on bee competition, and it presents mixed findings; however, some consistent trends in growth limitation and reduced colony reproduction in bumble bees in the presence of honey bees provides context for management decisions.

Native Bees and Large Mammals: Vertebrate - Invertebrate Interactions in Riparian Natural Areas and Partnering with Pollinators: Prairie Restoration to Support Diverse Pollinating Insects (video archive)

Webinar in the 2018 NAA Pollinator Management Series

Talk 1: Native Bees and Large Mammals: Vertebrate - Invertebrate Interactions in Riparian Natural Areas 

Speakers: Mary Rowland, Research Wildlife Biologist, U.S. Forest Service; and Sandy DeBano, Associate Professor - Invertebrate Ecology, Oregon State University: Native Bees and Large Mammals: Vertebrate - Invertebrate Interactions in Riparian Natural Areas 

As part of a larger, collaborative project evaluating ungulate grazing management and riparian restoration at the Starkey Experimental Forest and Range (Starkey) in northeast Oregon, we examined how large mammals may influence native bees through dietary overlap. 

Talk 2: Partnering with Pollinators: Prairie Restoration to Support Diverse Pollinating Insects.

SpeakerThomas Kaye, Executive Director and Senior Ecologist at the Institute for Applied Ecology 

Restoration and management of prairie habitat in the Pacific Northwest provides an opportunity to improve conditions for many pollinators, and land managers can provide better conditions for these insects.

Management Considerations of Pollinating Bats on Wind and Solar Farms and Utility Right-of-Way Management that Supports Pollinators and Safe Energy Transmission (video archive)

Webinar in the 2018 NAA Pollinator Management Series

Talk 1: Management Considerations of Pollinating Bats on Wind and Solar Farms

Speaker: Dave Waldien, Affiliated Scholar, Christopher Newport University 

Faced with a paucity of information of both wind and solar farms impacts to pollinating bats, wind industry, land managers, and conservationists are encouraged to take a precautionary approach to the siting and operations of these facilities and proactively work with credible researchers to resolve questions. 

Talk 2: Utility Right-of-Way Management that Supports Pollinators and Safe Energy Transmission

Speaker: Peter Beesley, Vegetation Program Manager, Expert - Pacific Gas and Electric Company

This presentation will emphasize how the practical application of Integrated Vegetation Management (IVM) to support safe and reliable energy transmission goals also supports the federal strategy?s habitat, research and partnership goals. This information along with an overview of current and planned pollinator research that PG&E and its partners are involved with will help answer the action plan research questions that are being asked of right-of-way managers. 



Best Management Practices for Pollinators: Creating Practices that are Meaningful and Implementable for Rangelands and Calculated Floral Resource Withdrawal by Managed Honey Bees in Light of Native Bee Reproduction (Video Archive) 

Webinar in the 2018 NAA Pollinator Management Series

Talk 1: Best Management Practices for Pollinators: Creating Practices that are Meaningful and Implementable for Rangelands

Speaker: Scott Hoffman Black, Executive Director, Xerces Society

These guidelines will address the needs of native bees and butterflies, including the monarch butterfly. The Xerces Society is using a process that we developed working with the Federal Highway Administration on publications that provide guidance on the science and practice of roadside management for pollinators. 

Talk 2: Calculated Floral Resource Withdrawal by Managed Honey Bees in Light of Native Bee Reproduction

Speaker: Jim Cane, Research Entomologist, USDA-ARS Pollinating Insect Research Unit: 

Evaluating competition through replicated field experiments that manipulate hive densities and track native bee reproduction in wildlands are nearly impossible to implement at meaningful scales. I will present a new approach, looking at two metrics that can give managers straightforward tools by which to quantify the potential reproductive impact of honey bee apiaries on native bee communities

Bringing Back the Pollinators: Conservation in the Age of Climate Change

Webinar in the 2017 NAA Webinar Series

Speaker: Scott Hoffman Black, Executive Director, Xerces Society

Many practitioners and land management agencies are interested in restoring and managing habitat for pollinators. Understanding how climate change will impact both the pollinators and their habitats is vital to providing resilient habitats for long-term conservation. Scott will discuss the research on climate change and pollinators and how land managers can conserve, manage and restore habitats with climate change in mind.


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